Diabetes: A Complete Guide to Understand the Disorder in Simple Words

Diabetes A Complete Guide to Understand the Disorder in Simple Words

What is Diabetes?

Well! Diabetes is a kind of Metabolic Disorder. What is Metabolic Disorder? Well, in simple words, metabolism means the conversion of food into energy. Yes! It’s a process with lots of chemical reactions. We eat food, it is processed, and we get energy. Sometimes, however, metabolism fails, resulting in an imbalance. As a result of this imbalance, an essential substance is present in too much or too little quantity.

So! What is too much and too little in Diabetes? Well! The “too much” is blood Glucose. Yes! And the “too little” is Insulin.

So! We know Glucose (or blood sugar in simple words) is the primary source of energy in our body, but what is Insulin? Insulin is a “Hormone” that regulates Glucose levels in the blood. Also, this hormone is responsible for the utilization of blood sugar.

So, in this disorder, lack of insulin leads to a high amount of sugar in the blood; this creates serious complications. Let us discuss this medical condition in detail and how can we manage it.

Diabetes Has Types!

Yes! This is true. It has 5 types. Diabetes can be Type 1, Type 2, Gestational, Prediabetes, and Brittle Diabetes. Let’s see what happens in all these types.

Type 1

Before getting into the details of Type 1, there’s an important question– Which organ is responsible for making Insulin? Well! The answer is Pancreas. Yes! This organ basically is a ‘Gland’. In Type 1 Diabetes, the Immunity System of the body destroys certain cells of the pancreas. As a result, the gland fails to produce Insulin. Consequently, blood sugar levels are always high.

Why do we call it Juvenile Diabetes? Mostly Type 1 is hereditary and affects children and young people.

Type 2 Diabetes

Unlike Type 1, Diabetes Mellitus or Type 2 occurs due to a sedentary and unhealthy lifestyle. Yes! You must have heard about some middle-aged family member who has to take pills daily to keep a check on blood sugar levels.

So! What causes this type of Diabetes? Well! It happens due to a lack of exercise. The inactive lifestyle and over-eating may increase the fat levels in the blood. Always remember! When there is too much fat in the blood, the body cannot use Insulin. Also, due to aging, the pancreas sometimes fails to produce enough insulin, resulting in high blood sugar levels.

Gestational Diabetes

As the name suggests, this type occurs in pregnant ladies. Once the baby is born, the problem disappears. However, proper management of lifestyle and controlled eating habits are required, or else, it may convert into Type 2.


Prediabetes is nothing but borderline diabetes. Well! In this condition, the blood sugar level is not too high. But, if you don’t care about lifestyle changes, the condition might take a critical shape.

Brittle Diabetes

Well! This one is rare. It happens mostly to women. In this type, the person gets sudden fluctuations in blood glucose level. Usually, mental stress and psychological issues cause this type of condition.

What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?

Following are the signs of diabetes. Make sure you consult a doctor immediately and get yourself tested for high blood sugar if you notice these signs.

  • Increased Urination
  • Too much thirst and hungry
  • Weakness or tiredness all the time
  • There’s a possibility that you lose weight
  • Blurry visions
  • Infections that heal slowly

Also, keep in mind that Diabetes can affect other organs and give rise to other severe complications, such as Eyes and Kidneys problems, Hypertension, Foot Ulcers, Nerve Damage, Depression, and Stroke.

Three Types of Tests to Determine Blood Sugar Level

Three different types of tests can be done to check the blood glucose level. Remember Diabetic test strips are easily available in diabetic stores.

Fasting Plasma Glucose Test

This test is done to check the blood glucose level in the fasting condition. In this test, you cannot eat or have beverages for 8 hours before the blood sample collection. Mostly, this test is done to check type 2 or borderline diabetes. The normal reading should be less than 100 mg/dl.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

Again you cannot eat anything for 8 hours. A test will be conducted after that. For the second test, you have to drink glucose water. This test is suitable for testing Type 2, Prediabetes, and Gestational Diabetes.

The A1C Blood Test

Well! This test gives the average result of the last three months’ glucose level in blood. Sometimes, one day’s blood glucose result is not enough. A1C Blood Test beats that problem. Also, keep in mind that the normal reading falls between 4% to 5.6%.

Diabetes Management

Diabetes is incurable. However, it is always possible to regulate the blood sugar level by proper management and medications. So, here we are with some diabetes management guidelines that will help you to manage the condition and prevent any complications.

Perform Exercises Regularly

It is always important to stay fit when you have diabetes. Do you know some results have shown that Aerobics helps to lower the blood sugar level? Also, you can take Yoga classes and practice poses that would help to keep the pancreas in good health. Brisk walking, jogging, or cycling are effective to keep blood sugar and cholesterol levels in check.

Always remember, after performing heavy exercises, there are chances of hypoglycemia in patients that may lead to unconsciousness. Consult your doctor about it.

Food to consume in Diabetes

Diabetic patients should avoid sweets and fatty food. Instead, switch to a diet that is rich in fibers and nutrients. Green leafy vegetables, fruits, brown rice, wheat, and pulses should be included. However, avoid starchy vegetables, fruits, and rice. Also, minimize alcohol consumption to stay healthy.

Take care of Eyes, kidneys, heart, and Feet

It is important to monitor Blood Pressure regularly, as high blood sugar levels may lead to hypertension. Also, it lowers blood circulation, especially in the leg region. Therefore, there are high chances that you might get an infection in your feet. In addition, it is also recommended that you get your eyes and kidneys checked from time to time.

Diabetes Foot Problems and Diabetic Supplies

As discussed above, high blood sugar levels may affect blood circulation. Therefore, the feet and legs are at high risk of getting infected. Sometimes, people might not even feel pain in the wounds or infections. This may leave the wound or infections untreated.

Diabetic soles, compression socks, and stocking can improve blood circulation in the leg. Dr. Scholl’s diabetic socks are a popular brand. In addition, you can also get diabetic slipper socks with gripper soles. All these products can help you to manage the condition in a better way.

Blood Sugar Testing at Home

It is important to check blood sugar levels at home. So, just get diabetic testing supplies at home. If you are traveling, you can get a diabetic travel case. Well! If you ask “Where can I find diabetic supplies near me?” the answer is you can get all diabetic supplies in any All Diabetic supply store. All products starting from diabetic syringes to needles and test strips such as flipping diabetic test strips are available in All Diabetic supply stores in Tampa.


Diabetes is an incurable metabolic disorder. Do not neglect high blood sugar, or you may have to face severe complications. So, consult your doctor, take medicines and change your lifestyle to manage the condition.

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