Treatments and Medications for Diabetes

Treatments and Medications for Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, also known as just diabetes, is a metabolic condition that raises blood sugar levels. Insulin is a hormone that transport sugar from the blood into your cells where it can be store or use as fuel.

Diabetes related high blood sugar left untreated can harm your kidneys, nerves, eyes, and other organs. However, you can safeguard your health by learning about it and taking measure to prevent or manage it.

Types of diabetes

There are different types of diabetes:

Type 1: Diabetes type1 is an autoimmune condition. The immune system target and kill insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Lack of certainty surrounds the attack’s origin.

Type 2: When your body become resistant to insulin, type2 diabetes develop and blood sugar levels rise. It account for about 90% to 95% of cases. It is prevalent, according to a dependable source.

Diabetes gestational: It is high blood sugar while pregnant. This form of diabetes is brought on by hormones the placenta secretes that block insulin.

Despite having a similar name to it, the uncommon condition known as diabetes insipidus is relate. Your kidneys are remove from your body too much fluid in a different condition.

Symptoms of the disease

The initiation of the disease is followed by blood sugar increases.

General symptoms

  • Increased appetite
  • Heightened thirst
  • Loss of weight
  • Often urinating
  • Hazy vision
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Non Healing wounds

Symptoms in Men

  • A diminished sex urge
  • Erection problems (ED)
  • Inadequate muscle strength

Symptoms in women

  • Virility dryness
  • Infections of the urinary tract
  • Candida infections
  • Itchy, dry skin

Diabetes type 1

  • Severe hunger
  • Highly elevated thirst
  • Unintentional loss of weight
  • Often urinating
  • Hazy vision
  • Tiredness
  • It might also cause a change in mood.

Diabetes type 2

  • Increased appetite
  • Highly elevated thirst
  • More frequent urination
  • Hazy vision
  • Tiredness
  • Taking a long time to heal sores
  • Moreover, it might lead to recurrent infections. This is because the body has a harder time healing when glucose levels are high.

Gestational diabetes (GD)

The majority of women who develop GD show no symptoms. When performing a routine oral glucose tolerance test or blood sugar test, which is typically done between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy, medical professionals frequently find the condition.

A person with GD may, in extremely rare circumstances, also experience increase thirst or urination.

The bottom line

Diabetes symptoms can be so subtle that they are initially difficult to identify. Discover the symptoms that call for a visit to the doctor.

Causes of the diseases

  • Diabetes type 1

It has an unknown exact cause, according to doctors. The immune system mistakenly target and kills insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas for some unknown reason.

Some people may be affected by their genes. Additionally, a virus may trigger an immune system attack.

  • Diabetes type 2

The cause of this disease is a result of both genetic and environmental factors. Your risk is also increase if you are overweight or obese. The effects of insulin on your blood sugar are tried to resist by your cells more when you are overweight, especially in the abdomen.

Families are prone to this condition. Family members have genes that increase their risk of developing it and obesity.

  • Gestational diabetes (GD)

Hormonal changes during pregnancy are the cause of GD. The placenta secrete hormones that reduce the sensitivity of a pregnant person’s cells to the effect of insulin. Gestation high blood sugar can result from this.

It is more likely to develop in people who are overweight before becoming pregnant or who put on too much weight while pregnant.

  • The bottom line

It can be brought on by both genetic and environmental factors.

How to diagnose gestational diabetes?

Several different medications are use by doctors to treat diabetes. Some are ingested, while others can be obtained as injections.

Diabetes type 1

The main treatment for type1 diabetes is insulin. It takes the place of the hormone that your body is unable to make.

People with this disease frequently use a variety of insulin types. They differ in their rates of action and the duration of their effects:

  1. Rapid-acting insulin: it start within 15 minutes but its effect last for 2 to 4 hours.
  2. Short-acting insulin: it start within 30 minutes but last for 3 to 6 hours.
  3. Intermediate-acting insulin: it start within 2 to 4 hours but last for 12 to 18 hours.
  4. Long-acting insulin: it start within 2 hours after injection but last up to 24 hours.
  5. Ultra-long acting insulin: start within 6 hours after injection but last for 36 hours or more.
  6. Premixed insulin: it start within 5 to 60 minutes but last for 10 to 16 hours.

Type 2 diabetes

Some people with type2 diabetes can manage it with diet and exercise. You’ll need to take medication if changing your lifestyle isn’t enough to lower your blood sugar levels.

Gestational diabetes (GD)

If you are advised users have GD, you must check your blood sugar levels several times a day while you are pregnant. If it’s high, dietary adjustments and exercise may be sufficient to lower it.

According to research, 15% to 30% of women who develop gestational diabetes will require insulin to lower their blood sugar. Trusted Source The developing baby is safe when taking insulin.

The bottom line

The type of diabetes you have and its underlying cause will determine the course of treatment your doctor will advise.

Diabetes prevention

Being an immune system disorder, this cannot be prevented. You also have no control over causes, such as your genes or age.

Here are some steps you can take to put off developing type2 diabetes if you have been diagnose with predicates:

  • Get 150 minutes or more of aerobic exercise each week by cycling or walking.
  • Eliminate refined carbohydrates, saturated and trans fats from your diet.
  • Consume more whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
  • Consume smaller amounts.
  • If you are overweight or obese, try to lose 5% to 7% of your body weight.

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